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动物营养学报 2019, Vol. 31 Issue (3) :1111-1118    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-267x.2019.03.016
猪与禽营养 Swine and poultry nutrition 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << Previous Articles | Next Articles >>
鸭油过氧化值对肉仔鸡生长和屠宰性能、脏器指数及血浆抗氧化、免疫、抗体指标的影响
陈甫1, 刘帅杰1, 朱风华2, 高善颂1, 朱连勤1
1. 青岛农业大学动物医学院, 青岛 266109;
2. 青岛农业大学动物科技学院, 青岛 266109
Effects of Peroxide Value of Duck Oil on Growth and Slaughter Performance, Organ Index and Plasma Antioxidant, Immune, Antibody Index of Broilers
CHEN Fu1, LIU Shuaijie1, ZHU Fenghua2, GAO Shansong1, ZHU Lianqin1
1. College of Veterinary Medicine, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China;
2. College of Animal Science and Technology, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China
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摘要 本试验旨在探索鸭油过氧化值对肉仔鸡生长和屠宰性能、脏器指数及血浆抗氧化、免疫、抗体指标的影响。选择108只1日龄健康爱拔益加(AA)肉仔鸡,随机分为6组,每组3个重复,每个重复6只鸡。对照组饲喂基础饲粮,鸭油组分别在基础饲粮中添加3%过氧化值为3.8、17.0、30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg的鸭油。预试期7 d,正试期28 d。结果表明:1)30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的平均日增重显著低于对照组(P<0.05),56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的料重比显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。2)30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的脾脏、胸腺指数显著低于对照组(P<0.05),43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的肾脏指数和各段小肠厚度显著低于对照组(P<0.05),56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的肌胃指数指数显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。3)15和35日龄时,30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆过氧化氢酶、羟自由基活性和总抗氧化能力显著低于对照组(P<0.05),血浆丙二醛含量显著高于对照组(P<0.05);43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆超氧化物歧化酶、谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶活性显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。4)15日龄时,30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆白细胞介素(IL)-4、IL-6、免疫球蛋白(Ig)A、IgG含量显著低于对照组(P<0.05),43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆干扰素-γ(IFN-γ)、IL-2、IgM含量显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。35日龄时,30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆IL-2、IL-4、IL-6、IgA、IgG、IgM含量显著低于对照组(P<0.05),43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆IFN-γ含量显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。5)15日龄时,30.0、43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆传染性法氏囊病毒抗体(IBDV-Ab)、新城疫病毒抗体(NDV-Ab)水平显著低于对照组(P<0.05),43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆H9N1禽流感病毒抗体(H9N1-Ab)水平显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。35日龄时,43.0和56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆IBDV-Ab、H9N1-Ab水平显著低于对照组(P<0.05),56.0 meq/kg鸭油组的血浆NDV-Ab水平显著低于对照组(P<0.05)。由此可见,高过氧化值鸭油能降低肉仔鸡的生长性能、抗氧化功能和免疫功能;饲粮中鸭油过氧化值应低于17.0 meq/kg。
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关键词鸭油   过氧化值   肉仔鸡   生长   抗氧化   免疫     
Abstract: This experiment was conducted to study the effects of peroxide value of duck oil on growth and slaughter performance, organ index and plasma antioxidant, immune, antibody index of broilers. A total of 108 healthy one-day-old Arbor Acres (AA) broilers were randomly divided into 6 groups with 3 replicates per group and 6 broilers per replicate. Broilers in the control group were fed a basal diet, and others in duck oil groups were fed basal diets supplemented with 3% duck oil with 3.8, 17.0, 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg peroxide values, respectively. The pre-experimental period lasted for 7 days, and the experimental period lasted for 28 days. The results showed as follows:1) the average daily gain of 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05), the feed to gain ratio of 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). 2) The indexes of spleen, thymus of 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), the kidney index and small intestine thickness of 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), the gizzard index of 56.0 meq/kg duck oil group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). 3) On 15 and 35 days of age, the catalase, hydroxyl radicals activities and total antioxidant capacity in plasma of 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), and the plasma malondialdehyde content was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05); the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in plasma of 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). 4) On 15 days of age, the contents of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, immunoglobulin (Ig)A and IgG in plasma of 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), and the contents of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), IL-2 and IgM in plasma of 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). On 35 days of age, the contents of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IgA, IgG and IgM in plasma of 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), and the plasma IFN-γ content of 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). 5) On 15 days of age, the levels of infectious bursal disease virus antibody (IBDV-Ab) and newcastle disease virus antibody (NDV-Ab) in plasma of 30.0, 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), and the plasma H9N1 avian influenza virus antibody (H9N1-Ab) level of 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). On 35 days of age, the levels of IBDV-Ab and H9N1-Ab in plasma of 43.0 and 56.0 meq/kg duck oil groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05), and the plasma NDV-Ab level of 56.0 meq/kg duck oil group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). It is concluded that high peroxide value of duck oil can decrease the growth performance, antioxidant function and immune function of broilers. The peroxide value of duck oil in diet should not be higher than 17.0 meq/kg.
Keywordsduck oil,   peroxide value,   broilers,   growth,   antioxidant,   immune     
收稿日期: 2018-08-09;
基金资助:

山东省现代农业产业技术体系家禽创新团队资助项目(SDAIT-11-07)

通讯作者 朱连勤,教授,博士生导师,E-mail:lqzhu@qau.edu.cn     Email: lqzhu@qau.edu.cn
作者简介: 陈甫(1979-),男,山东莱芜人,副教授,博士,研究方向为动物营养代谢病与中毒病。E-mail:fuch_qau@163.com
引用本文:   
. 鸭油过氧化值对肉仔鸡生长和屠宰性能、脏器指数及血浆抗氧化、免疫、抗体指标的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2019,V31(3): 1111-1118
. Effects of Peroxide Value of Duck Oil on Growth and Slaughter Performance, Organ Index and Plasma Antioxidant, Immune, Antibody Index of Broilers[J]. Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition, 2019,V31(3): 1111-1118.
链接本文:  
http://www.chinajan.com/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1006-267x.2019.03.016     或     http://www.chinajan.com/CN/Y2019/V31/I3/1111
 
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