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动物营养学报 2019, Vol. 31 Issue (3) :1240-1249    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-267x.2019.03.029
水产营养 Aquaculture Nutrition 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << Previous Articles | Next Articles >>
脂肪酸钙替代豆油对凡纳滨对虾生长性能、免疫与代谢指标的影响
贾高旺, 郭冉, 李雪鹤, 张宇, 路晶晶, 杨品贤, 夏辉, 王晓明, 荆冰妍, 宫春光
河北农业大学海洋学院, 秦皇岛 066000
Effects of Replacing Soybean Oil with Fatty Acid Calcium on Growth Performance, Immune and Metabolic Indexes of Litopenaeus vannamei
JIA Gaowang, GUO Ran, LI Xuehe, ZHANG Yu, LU Jingjing, YANG Pinxian, XIA Hui, WANG Xiaoming, JING Bingyan, GONG Chunguang
Ocean College of Hebei Agricultural University, Qinhuangdao 066000, China
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摘要 本试验旨在研究饱和脂肪酸钙和不饱和脂肪酸钙替代豆油对凡纳滨对虾生长性能、免疫和代谢指标的影响。选取360尾初始体重为(0.30±0.02)g的凡纳滨对虾为研究对象,随机分为3组,分别饲喂基础饲料(D1)、不饱和脂肪酸钙(D2)及饱和脂肪酸钙(D3)替代豆油的试验饲料,每组3个重复,每个重复40尾虾,试验期为56 d。结果表明:各组间存活率、增重率、特定生长率、肝体比、肌肉粗蛋白质和粗灰分含量均无显著差异(P>0.05)。各组间肝胰腺中总抗氧化能力以及淀粉酶、胰蛋白酶、谷丙转氨酶、谷草转氨酶、碱性磷酸酶和酸性磷酸酶活性均无显著差异(P>0.05),D2、D3组肝胰腺中谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶活性显著低于D1组(P<0.05)。各组间血淋巴中谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶、谷胱甘肽S转移酶活性均无显著差异(P>0.05);但D3组血淋巴中丙二醛含量显著高于D1组(P<0.05),D1与D2组间无显著差异(P>0.05);D3组血淋巴中苹果酸脱氢酶活性显著低于D1组(P<0.05);D3组血淋巴中葡萄糖含量显著高于D1组(P<0.05),D1与D2组间无显著差异(P>0.05)。由此可见,在本试验条件下,以脂肪酸钙替代凡纳滨对虾饲料中的豆油是可行的,并且不饱和脂肪酸钙的替代效果优于饱和脂肪酸钙。
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关键词凡纳滨对虾   脂肪酸钙   生长性能   免疫指标   代谢指标     
Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid calcium on growth performance, immunity and metabolic Indexes of Penaeus vannamei. A total of 360 Litopenaeus vannamei with an initial body weight of (0.30±0.02) g were selected and divided into 3 groups, and fed a basal diet and test diets with soybean oil replaced by unsaturated fatty acid calcium (D2) and saturated fatty acid calcium replaced by soybean oil diet (D3), respectively. Each group had three replicates, 40 shrimps per replicate, and the experimental period was 56 days. The results showed that the survival rate, weight gain rate, specific growth rate, liver-body ratio, crude protein and ash contents in muscle of Litopenaeus vannamei had no significant effects among groups (P>0.05); the total antioxidant capacity of liver and pancreas, as well as the activities of amylase, trypsin, alanine transaminase, glutamic oxalacetic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, acid phosphatase in shrimp had no significant effects among groups (P>0.05), but the activity of glutathione peroxidase in liver and pancreas of shrimp in D2 and D3 groups was significantly lower than that in D1 group (P<0.05). The activities of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S transferase in hemolymph of shrimp were not significantly different among groups (P>0.05). Malondialdehyde content in hemolymph in D3 group was significantly higher than that in D1 group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between D1 group and D2 group (P>0.05); malate dehydrogenase activity in D3 group was significantly lower than that in D1 group; glucose content in D3 group was significantly higher than that in D1 group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between D1 group and D2 group (P>0.05). It can be concluded that it is feasible to substitute fatty acid calcium for soybean oil in shrimp diets, and the substitution effect of unsaturated fatty acid calcium is better than that of saturated fatty acid calcium.
KeywordsLitopenaeus vannamei,   fatty acid calcium,   growth performance,   immune index,   metabolic index     
收稿日期: 2018-08-09;
基金资助:

河北省现代农业产业体系特色海产品创新团队——疫病防控及质量控制岗位(HBCT2018170206)

通讯作者 郭冉,副教授,硕士生导师,E-mail:toguoran@163.com     Email: toguoran@163.com
作者简介: 贾高旺(1993-),男,河北石家庄人,硕士研究生,研究方向为水产动物营养与饲料。E-mail:516858991@qq.com
引用本文:   
. 脂肪酸钙替代豆油对凡纳滨对虾生长性能、免疫与代谢指标的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2019,V31(3): 1240-1249
. Effects of Replacing Soybean Oil with Fatty Acid Calcium on Growth Performance, Immune and Metabolic Indexes of Litopenaeus vannamei[J]. Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition, 2019,V31(3): 1240-1249.
链接本文:  
http://www.chinajan.com/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1006-267x.2019.03.029     或     http://www.chinajan.com/CN/Y2019/V31/I3/1240
 
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