动物营养学报
         首页        期刊介绍        编委会         编辑部         投稿须知        英文刊IFA        会议信息        联系我们      留言与回复
动物营养学报 2017, Vol. 29 Issue (9) :3202-3210    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-267x.2017.09.023
饲料营养 Feed science and technology 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << Previous Articles | Next Articles >>
过瘤胃蛋氨酸和肉桂醛组合添加对奶牛产奶性能及氮排泄的影响
张成喜1, 孙友德2, 刘锡武2, 孙国强1
1. 青岛农业大学动物科技学院, 青岛 266109;
2. 青岛市畜牧兽医研究所, 青岛 266100
Effects of Combined Supplementation of Rumen-Protected Methionine and Cinnamic Aldehyde on Lactation Performance and Nitrogen Excretion of Dairy Cows
ZHANG Chengxi1, SUN Youde2, LIU Xiwu2, SUN Guoqiang1
1. College of Animal Science and Technology, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China;
2. Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of Qingdao, Qingdao 266100, China
Download: PDF (1181KB)   HTML (1KB)   Export: BibTeX or EndNote (RIS)      Supporting Info
摘要 本试验旨在研究过瘤胃蛋氨酸(RPMet)和肉桂醛(CA)组合添加对奶牛产奶性能及氮排泄的影响。选取年龄、体重、胎次、产奶量、乳成分及泌乳期[(90±15)d]相近的荷斯坦奶牛40头分为10组,每组4头。对照(C)组饲喂基础饲粮,试验组补饲不同水平的RPMet和CA,其中RPMet设3个水平,分别为20(L)、25(M)、30(H)g/(d·头);CA设3个水平,分别为15(L)、18(M)、21(H)g/(d·头),共组成9个不同水平组合,分别为LL、ML、HL、LM、MM、HM、LH、MH、HH(第1个字母为RPMet添加水平,第2个字母为CA添加水平)。预试期15 d,正试期60 d。结果表明:1)除LH组外,各试验组产奶量均显著或极显著高于C组(P<0.05或P<0.01),以HL组最高。2)各试验组乳脂率和乳蛋白率均高于C组,均以HL组最高,与C组均差异极显著(P<0.01);各试验组乳体细胞数均低于C组,以HL组最低,与C组均差异极显著(P<0.01)。3)除LH组外,各试验组氮表观消化率和氮泌乳转化效率均显著或极显著高于C组(P<0.05或P<0.01),以HL组最高;LL、ML、HL、LM、MM、HM、LH、MH、HH组总氮排泄量比C组分别降低了17.45%(P<0.01)、18.79%(P<0.01)、20.80%(P<0.01)、10.41%(P<0.01)、12.49%(P<0.01)、15.22%(P<0.01)、3.37%(P>0.05)、5.12%(P<0.05)、7.43%(P<0.05),以HL组最低。结果提示,在泌乳奶牛饲粮中联合添加RPMet和CA可以提高奶牛产奶性能、降低奶牛氮排泄量;综合考虑上述指标,最佳组合为RPMet 30 g/(d·头)、CA 15 g/(d·头)。
Service
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
Email Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
关键词过瘤胃蛋氨酸   肉桂醛   产奶性能   氮排泄     
Abstract: This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of combinations of rumen-protected methionine (RPMet) and cinnamic aldehyde (CA) on lactation performance and nitrogen excretion of dairy cows. Forty Holstein lactating dairy cows with similar age, body weight, parity, milk yield, milk composition and lactation period[(90±15) days post-calving] were divided into 10 groups with 4 cows per group. Control (C) group was fed a basal diet, and experimental groups were supplemented with different levels of RPMet[20 (L), 25 (M) and 30 (H) g/(d·head)] and CA[15 (L), 18 (M) and 21 (H) g/(d·head)] to constitute 9 combinations, which were named as LL, ML, HL, LM, MM, HM, LH, MH and HH (first letter indicated RPMet supplemental level, and the second letter indicated CA supplemental level), respectively. The pre-experiment lasted for 15 days, and the experiment lasted for 60 days. The results showed as follows:1) except LH group, milk yield in experimental groups was significantly higher than that in C group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), HL group was the highest. 2) Milk fat percentage and milk protein percentage in experimental groups were higher than those in C group, and HL was the highest, which was significantly higher than C group (P<0.01); milk somatic cell count in experimental groups was higher than those in C group, and HL was the highest, which was significantly higher than C group (P<0.01). 3) Except LH group, compared with C group, nitrogen apparent digestibility and nitrogen conversion efficiency were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and HL group was the highest; compared with C group, total nitrogen excretion in LL, ML, HL, LM, MM, HM, LH, MH and HH groups was decreased by 17.45% (P<0.01), 18.79% (P<0.01), 20.80% (P<0.01), 10.41% (P<0.01), 12.49% (P<0.01), 15.22% (P<0.01), 3.37% (P>0.05), 5.12%(P<0.05) and 7.43% (P<0.05), respectively. The results indicate that combined supplementations of RPMet and CA can improve lactation performance and reduce nitrogen excretion; considering all the above indexes, the optimal combination is 30 g/(d·head) RPMet and 15 g/(d·head) CA.
Keywordsrumen-protected methionine,   cinnamic aldehyde,   lactation performance,   nitrogen excretion     
收稿日期: 2017-03-01;
基金资助:

山东省现代农业产业技术体系牛产业创新团队(SDAIT-09-08)

通讯作者 孙国强,教授,硕士生导师,E-mail:qdnydxsgq@126.com     Email: qdnydxsgq@126.com
作者简介: 张成喜(1988-),男,山东临沂人,硕士研究生,研究方向为反刍动物营养。E-mail:zcares@126.com
引用本文:   
. 过瘤胃蛋氨酸和肉桂醛组合添加对奶牛产奶性能及氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2017,V29(9): 3202-3210
. Effects of Combined Supplementation of Rumen-Protected Methionine and Cinnamic Aldehyde on Lactation Performance and Nitrogen Excretion of Dairy Cows[J]. Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition, 2017,V29(9): 3202-3210.
链接本文:  
http://www.chinajan.com/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1006-267x.2017.09.023     或     http://www.chinajan.com/CN/Y2017/V29/I9/3202
 
[1] 郝正里,刘世民,孟宪政.反刍动物营养学[M].兰州:甘肃民族出版社,2000.
[2] 董贤文.过瘤胃赖氨酸、过瘤胃蛋氨酸的研发[D].硕士学位论文.重庆:西南大学,2013.
[3] 邹阿玲,孙国军,李明强,等.过瘤胃蛋氨酸对泌乳早期奶牛生产性能的影响[J].中国奶牛,2005(2):27-29.
[4] 杨维仁.瘤胃保护性氨基酸对肉牛消化代谢影响及适宜供给量的研究[D].博士学位论文.北京:中国农业大学,2004.
[5] 周明,陈征义,申书婷.肉桂醛的制备方法和生物学功能[J].动物营养学报,2014,26(8):2040-2045.
[6] 曹爱青.肉桂醛在肉牛生产上的应用研究[J].饲料广角,2012(16):37-38.
[7] 张成喜,孙友德,刘锡武,等.过瘤胃蛋氨酸对奶牛瘤胃微生物蛋白产量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J].动物营养学报,2017,29(5):1759-1766.
[8] 张成喜,刘开东,孙国强.肉桂醛对奶牛尿中嘌呤衍生物排出量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J].动物营养学报,2017,29(6):2010-2017.
[9] 冯仰廉,陆治年.奶牛营养需要和饲料成分[M].3版.北京:中国农业出版社,2007:2.
[10] 王玲,孙友德,刘锡武,等.半胱胺对奶牛瘤胃微生物蛋白产量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J].动物营养学报,2015,27(4):1262-1269.
[11] 朱雯.粗料来源对奶牛乳蛋白前体物生成与生产性能的影响与机制研究[D].博士学位论文.杭州:浙江大学,2013.
[12] VALADARES R F D,BRODERICK G A,FILHO S C V,et al.Effect of replacing alfalfa silage with high moisture corn on ruminal protein synthesis estimated from excretion of total purine derivatives[J].Journal of Dairy Science,1999,82(12):2686-2696.
[13] 武安泉,杨开伦,雒秋江,等.瘤胃投注N-乙酰-DL-蛋氨酸对绵羊瘤胃消化代谢的影响[J].草食家畜,2006(2):39-44.
[14] 张勇,高原,朱宇旌,等.大蒜油和肉桂酸复合物对奶牛生产性能及营养物质消化的影响[J].中国饲料,2012(5):17-20.
[15] 段红伟.N-羟甲基蛋氨酸钙的过瘤胃效果及其对瘤胃环境和饲料养分消化的影响[D].硕士学位论文.兰州:甘肃农业大学,2000.
[16] 韩兆玉,周国波,金志红,等.过瘤胃蛋氨酸对热应激下奶牛生产性能、淋巴细胞凋亡以及相关基因的影响[J].动物营养学报,2009,21(5):665-672.
[17] 潘龙,卜登攀,孙鹏,等.生长激素轴的组成及其对奶牛泌乳的调控[J].中国畜牧兽医,2013,40(1):125-130.
[18] 耿忠诚,刘丽丽,张虎,等.过瘤胃蛋氨酸对绒山羊血液激素的影响[J].黑龙江八一农垦大学学报,2011,23(2):20-23.
[19] 张强,朴香淑,张宏宇,等.低能量日粮中添加植物精油对仔猪生长性能、抗氧化活性及其免疫性能的影响[C]//中国畜牧兽医学会动物营养学分会第十一次全国动物营养学术研讨会论文集.长沙:中国畜牧兽医学会动物营养学分会,2012.
[20] 吴丹丹,滕乐邦,栾正庆,等.小肽对奶牛瘤胃微生物蛋白产量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J].动物营养学报,2016,28(4):1090-1098.
[21] 徐晓明,CARDOZO P W,邓莹莹,等.日粮中添加植物提取物对泌乳初期奶牛生产性能的影响[J].乳业科学与技术,2010,33(3):139-141.
[22] 姜明鑫,杨连玉.过瘤胃胆碱和蛋氨酸对泌乳早期奶牛生产性能和健康状况影响的研究现状[J].经济动物学报,2013,17(4):228-231,235.
[23] 毕微微.蛋氨酸、赖氨酸二肽对奶牛乳腺上皮细胞泌乳机能的影响[D].硕士学位论文.哈尔滨:东北农业大学,2013.
[24] MOLENTO C F,BLOCK E,CUE R L,et al.Effects of insulin,recombinant bovine somatotropin,and their interaction on insulin-like growth factor-Ⅰ secretion and milk protein production in dairy cows[J].Journal of Dairy Science,2002,85(4):738-747.
[25] 毕晓华,张晓明.过瘤胃保护蛋氨酸对奶牛氨基酸代谢和血液生化指标的影响[J].饲料研究,2014(21):48-53.
[26] 张文平,傅颖媛,谢小梅.柠檬醛、肉桂醛抗曲霉菌作用机制研究[J].江西医学院学报,2003,43(6):10-13.
[27] 燕磊.瘤胃保护性蛋氨酸对小尾寒羊氨基酸代谢影响的研究[D].硕士学位论文.泰安:山东农业大学,2005.
[28] MAZZONI M,LE GALL M,DE FILIPPI S,et al.Supplemental sodium butyrate stimulates different gastric cells in weaned pigs[J].The Journal of Nutrition,2008,138(8):1426-1431.
[1] 张成喜, 刘开东, 孙国强.肉桂醛对奶牛尿中嘌呤衍生物排出量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2017,29(6): 2010-2017
[2] 张成喜, 孙友德, 刘锡武, 孙国强.过瘤胃蛋氨酸对奶牛瘤胃微生物蛋白产量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2017,29(5): 1759-1766
[3] 李琮, 陈俊宏, 刘亚伟, 谭世新, 杨开伦.大豆黄酮、芒柄花素及其组合对奶牛产奶性能、血浆和乳中激素含量的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2017,29(1): 309-316
[4] 高岩, 吴健豪, 曲永利, 潘琪琪, 张士博, 韩天龙, 王志博, 殷溪瀚.饲粮中添加过瘤胃蛋氨酸、过瘤胃赖氨酸对荷斯坦奶公牛肉用生产性能和肉品质的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2016,28(9): 2936-2942
[5] 周明, 王恩典, 汪炳红, 陈征义, 邹应龙, 申书婷, 何冰, 丁华林.肉桂醛替代保育猪饲粮中金霉素和杆菌肽锌[J]. 动物营养学报, 2016,28(7): 2106-2112
[6] 吴丹丹, 滕乐邦, 栾正庆, 孙国强.小肽对奶牛瘤胃微生物蛋白产量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2016,28(4): 1090-1098
[7] 韩云胜, 曲永利, 袁雪, 王志博, 殷溪瀚, 李伟, 潘琪琪, 王冠, 高岩.添加过瘤胃蛋氨酸、赖氨酸对荷斯坦奶公牛生长性能和胴体化学成分的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2016,28(2): 418-425
[8] 王玲, 刘开东, 吕永艳, 孙国强.半胱胺和酵母培养物添加量对奶牛产奶性能及氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2015,27(9): 2832-2840
[9] 李艳玲, 张民, 柴建民, 刁其玉.外源性复合酶制剂对体外瘤胃发酵及奶牛产奶性能的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2015,27(9): 2911-2919
[10] 王剑飞, 王梦芝, 冯春燕, 张鑫, 张军, 洪伟, 王洪荣.过瘤胃蛋氨酸对奶牛瘤胃体外发酵及泌乳奶牛生产性能的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2015,27(7): 2248-2255
[11] 王玲, 孙友德, 刘锡武, 孙国强.半胱胺对奶牛瘤胃微生物蛋白产量、产奶性能和氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2015,27(4): 1262-1269
[12] 周明, 陈征义, 申书婷.肉桂醛的制备方法和生物学功能[J]. 动物营养学报, 2014,26(8): 2040-2045
[13] 孙国强, 吕永艳, 王玲.精料干酒糟及其可溶物水平对奶牛产奶性能及氮排泄的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2014,26(12): 3608-3615
[14] 张万金, 李胜利, 史海涛, 骆雅萍, 杨军香, 尹义江, 贾春涛.饲粮添加不同种类的糖蜜对夏季热应激奶牛采食量和产奶性能的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2013,25(1): 163-170
[15] 王星凌, 刘春林, 赵红波, 游伟, 成海建.饲粮粗蛋白质水平对中国荷斯坦奶牛产奶性能、 氮利用及血液激素的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2012,24(4): 669-680
Copyright 2010 by 动物营养学报